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The Best 50 jobs un America in 2019 Here is a list of the highest paid jobs in America. We created a color map by occupation. Data provided by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Basically, all the highest paid jobs are related to medicine. This is because we look at average annual wages for large groups of people. For example, only some actors in California earn millions of dollars. The vast majority of people do not make a lot of money from making films. But doctors and dentists usually make a ton of money no matter where they live.

Then the real question is which health workers earn the most money. In the northwest, obstetricians and gynecologists earn more than others. Therapists are the highest paid in only two states, Minnesota and Arkansas. The salaries of anesthetists are high regardless of where they work.

Interestingly, our map shows that the average income for the highest paid jobs across the country is not much different. In each state, wages range from 250 to 390 thousand. Dollars. United States, excluding Puerto Rico ($ 135,510), Virgin Islands ($ 150,620) and Guam ($ 163,180). No occupation brings an average of millions, and yet, no matter where you live, if you work in one of these jobs, you can count on a decent coin.

This means that the real differentiating factor that needs to be considered is the cost of living, which determines how much money people leave after paying for their basic needs. For example, the cost of buying a home in California is incredibly high compared to Ohio. On average, an anesthetist in California only earns $ 7,000 more than Ohio, but he or she is likely to pay tens of thousands more housing. Although we do not recommend choosing a job based solely on how much money you have earned, it is always useful to know where you stand, both in terms of income and expenses.

The Best 50 jobs in America in 2019

The Best 50 jobs un America in 2019
  1. Job TitleMedian Base SalaryJob SatisfactionJob Openings
  2. Data Scientist$108,0004.3/56,510
  3. Nursing Manager$83,0004/513,931
  4. Marketing Manager$82,0004.2/57,395
  5. Occupational Therapist$74,0004/517,701
  6. Product Manager$115,0003.8/511,884
  7. Devops Engineer$106,0004.1/54,657
  8. Program Manager$87,0003.9/514,753
  9. Data Engineer$100,0003.9/54,739
  10. HR Manager $85,0004.2/53,908
  11. Software Engineer $104,0003.6/549,007
  12. Mechanical Engineer$75,0003.9/55,949
  13. Physician Assistant$105,0003.7/59,819
  14. Sales Manager$65,0003.8/521,695
  15. Sales Engineer$90,0004.1/53,145
  16. Operations Manager$68,0003.8/518,311
  17. Strategy Manager$140,0004/52,783
  18. Security Engineer$102,0003.8/54,683
  19. Construction Manager$75,0004.3/53,334
  20. Speech Language Pathologist$72,0003.7/529,467
  21. Project Manager$75,0003.6/530,107
  22. Product Designer$100,0004.5/52,158
  23. Java Developer$85,0003.7/56,636
  24. Executive Assistant$60,0004.1/54,858
  25. Electrical Engineer$77,0003.7/57,191
  26. Finance Manager$118,0003.8/53,747
  27. Business Analyst$72,0003.7/513,340
  28. Solutions Architect$127,9003.6/56,969
  29. Recruiter$48,0004.1/59,782
  30. Business Development Manager$80,0003.7/56,348
  31. Dental Hygienist$67,2504.5/52,805
  32. Data Analyst$60,0003.9/55,456
  33. Nurse Practitioner$102,0003.5/518,997
  34. Applications Engineer$77,0004/52,591
  35. QA Manager$91,2504.1/51,923
  36. Risk Manager$100,5003.7/53,924
  37. Communications Manager$80,0004.2/52,009
  38. Physical Therapist$70,0003.6/534,899
  39. Facilities Manager$65,0004/53,472
  40. Systems Engineer$90,0003.5/516,793
  41. Customer Success Manager$65,0004.2/52,601
  42. Radiologic Technologist$48,0004/56,115
  43. 42Restaurant Manager$49,0003.8/521,754
  44. Software Engineering Manager$153,0004/51,445
  45. Software Developer$80,0003.5/511,833
  46. Safety Manager$71,0004.1/52,180
  47. UX Designer$89,0003.7/53,333
  48. Office Manager$42,0003.9/518,681
  49. Brand Manager$85,0004.3/51,500
  50. Software Development Manager$140,0004.2/51,178
  51. Systems Administrator$68,0003.6/58,278

Land cover of South America

Land cover of South America

South America is characterized by a large variety of zonal types of land cover and the exceptional richness of the flora, including tens of thousands of plant species. This is due to the position of South America between the subequatorial belt of the northern hemisphere and the temperate belt of the southern hemisphere, as well as the peculiarities of the continent’s development, which took place first in close connection with other continents of the southern hemisphere, and later almost completely isolated from large land masses, if not considered connections with North America through the Isthmus of Panama.

Most of South America, up to 40 ° S, together with Central America and Mexico forms the Neotropical Floristic Kingdom. The southern part of the continent enters the limits of the Antarctic Floristic Kingdom.

Within the land bounding the South American platform with the African one, apparently, there was a common center for the formation of the savanna flora and tropical forests for both continents, which explains the presence of some common plant species and genera in their composition. However, the separation of Africa and South America at the end of the Mesozoic led to the formation of an independent flora on each of these continents and the separation of the Paleotropic and Neotropical kingdoms. Neotropics are characterized by great wealth and a high degree of endemism of the flora, due to the continuity of its development from the Mesozoic and the presence of several large centers of speciation.

The flora of the South American continent has given mankind many valuable plants that have become part of the culture, not only in the western hemisphere, but also beyond. These are primarily potatoes, the ancient centers of cultivation of which are located in the Peruvian and Bolivian Andes, north of 20 ° S, as well as in Chile, south of 40 ° S, including on Chiloe Island. Andes – the birthplace of tomatoes, beans, pumpkins. It is still not clear exactly the ancestral homeland and the wild ancestor of cultivated maize is unknown, but undoubtedly it comes from the Neotropical Kingdom. South America is also home to the most valuable rubber – hevei, chocolate, cinchona trees, cassava and many other plants grown in tropical regions of the Earth. The richest vegetation of South America is an inexhaustible source of vast natural resources – food, fodder, industrial, medicinal plants.

The tropical rainforests are uncommon in the vegetation cover of South America, which have no equal on Earth, neither in terms of species richness, nor in the size of their territory.

The wet tropical (equatorial) forests of South America on ferralitic soils are gilles, and in Brazil they are called the jungle, occupy a significant part of the Amazonian lowland, the adjacent areas of the Orynok lowland and the slopes of the Brazilian and Guiana highlands. They are also characteristic of the Pacific coastal zone within Colombia and Ecuador. Thus, tropical rainforests cover areas with an equatorial climate, but, in addition, they grow along the slopes of the Brazilian and Guiana highlands, facing the Atlantic Ocean, in higher latitudes, where heavy trade winds are heavy for most of the year. during the short dry period the lack of rain is compensated by high humidity.

The gilles of South America are the richest species of the Earth in terms of species composition and plant cover density. They are characterized by high height and complexity of the forest canopy. On the flood-free areas in the forest there are up to five tiers of various plants, of which at least three tiers consist of trees. The height of the highest of them reaches 60-80 m.

As the climate changes, that is, with the advent of the dry season, tropical rainforests turn into savannas and tropical light forests. On the Brazilian Highlands between savannas and tropical rainforest, there is a strip of almost pure palm forests. Savannah are spread over a large part of the Brazilian Highlands, mainly in its inland areas. In addition, they occupy large areas in the Orinok lowland and in the central regions of the Guiana Highlands. In Brazil, typical savannahs on red ferralitic soils are known as campos. Their herbaceous vegetation consists of high grasses of the genera Paspalum, Andropogon, Aristida, as well as representatives of the leguminous and complex-color families. Woody forms of vegetation are either completely absent, or are found in the form of individual specimens of mimosa with an umbrella-like crown, tree-like cacti, euphorbia and other xerophytes and succulents.

In the dry northeast of the Brazilian Highlands, a large area is occupied by so-called caatinga, which is a rarefied forest of drought-resistant trees and shrubs on red-brown soils. Many of them lose their leaves for a dry period of the year, others have a bloated trunk in which moisture accumulates, for example, vatnik (Cavanillesia platanifolia). The trunks and branches of the kathingi trees often cover lianas and epiphytic plants. There are also several types of palm trees. The most remarkable kaatinga tree is carnauba wax tree (Copernicia prunifera), which gives vegetable wax, which is scraped or boiled from its large (up to 2 m long) leaves. Wax is used for making candles, rubbing floors and other purposes. From the upper part of the trunk carnauba receive sago and palm flour, the leaves go to cover the roofs and weave various products, the roots are used in medicine, and the local people use the fruits in food in raw and cooked form. No wonder the people of Brazil called the carnauba tree of life.

On the plain of the Gran Chaco, in particularly arid areas, thorny shrubs and sparse forests are spread on brown-red soils. In their composition, two species belong to different families, they are known under the general name “kebracho” (“break the ax”). These trees contain a large amount of tannins: red kebracho (Schinopsis Lorentzii) – up to 25%, white kebracho (Aspidosperma quebracho blanco) – slightly less. Their wood is heavy, dense, resists rotting and sinks in water. Kebracho stubbornly cut down. At special factories, tanning extract is obtained from it, sleepers, piles and other objects intended for a long stay in water are made from wood. Algarobos (Prosopis juliflora) is also found in forests – a tree from the mimosa family with a curved trunk and a strongly branching spreading crown. Small tender foliage of algarrobo gives no shade. The low tiers of the forest are often represented by thorny bushes forming impassable thickets.

The savannas of the northern hemisphere differ from the southern savannas in their appearance and species composition of the flora. South of the equator, among the thickets of grasses and dicots, palms are raised: copernicia (Copernicia spp.) – in drier places, and Mauritia flexuosa – in marshy or river-flooded areas. The wood of these palm trees is used as a building material, the leaves are used for weaving various products, the fruit and core of the mauristion stem are edible. Acacias and tall tree cacti are also numerous.

The red and red-brown soils of savanna and tropical light forests are distinguished by a higher humus content and greater fertility than the soils of moist forests. Therefore, in the areas of their distribution are the main areas of plowed land with plantations of coffee tree, cotton, bananas and other cultivated plants exported from Africa.

The Pacific coast is between 5 and 27 ° S. and the Atacama Basin, with their constant rainlessness, has the most typical desert soils and vegetation in South America. Areas of almost barren stony soils alternate with masses of loose sand and extensive surfaces occupied by saltpetre salt marshes. Extremely sparse vegetation is represented by rarely standing cacti, prickly pincushion bushes and ephemera of bulbous and tuberiferous plants.

Subtropical vegetation occupies relatively small areas in South America.

The extreme southeast of the Brazilian Highlands, which receives abundant rainfall throughout the year, is covered with subtropical forests of Araucaria with undergrowth from various bushes, including Paraguayan tea (Ilex paraguaiensis). Paraguayan tea leaves are used by local people to make a widespread hot drink that replaces tea. By the name of the round vessel in which this drink is made, it is called mate or yerba-mate.

The second type of subtropical vegetation in South America – the subtropical steppe, or pampa, characteristic of the eastern, most humid parts of the La Plata lowland south of 30 ° S – is grassy grass vegetation on fertile reddish-black soils that form on volcanic rocks. It consists of the South American species of those genera of cereals, which are widespread in Europe in the steppes of the temperate zone (feather grass, bearded, fescue). With the forests of the Brazilian Highland, the pampa is associated with a transitional type of vegetation close to the forest-steppe, where the herbs are combined with thickets of evergreen shrubs. Pampa vegetation has undergone the most severe extermination and is now almost completely replaced by crops of wheat and other cultivated plants. To the west and south, as the precipitation decreases, the vegetation of dry subtropical steppes and semi-deserts appears on gray-brown soils and gray soils with spots of salt marshes at the site of dry lakes.

The subtropical vegetation and soils of the Pacific coast resemble the vegetation and soils of the European Mediterranean. Thickets of evergreen shrubs on brown soils predominate.

For the extreme southeast (Patagonia), the vegetation of dry steppes and semi-deserts of the temperate zone is characteristic. Gray-brown soils predominate, salinization is widespread. The vegetation cover is dominated by high cereals (Roa flabellata, etc.) and various xerophytic shrubs, often pillow-shaped, low-growing cacti.

In the extreme southwest of the continent with its oceanic climate, insignificant annual differences in temperature and abundance of precipitation, moisture-loving evergreen sub-Antarctic forests, multi-tiered and very diverse in composition, grow. They are close to tropical forests for the richness and diversity of life forms of plants and the complexity of the forest canopy structure. They are full of lianas, mosses, lichens. Along with various high-coniferous trees from the genera Fitzroya, Araucaria and others, evergreen deciduous species are common, for example, southern beeches (Nothofagus spp.), Magnolia, etc. There are many ferns and bamboos in the underbrush. These moisture-saturated forests are difficult to clear and uproot. They are still one of the most important natural resources of Chile, although they have suffered greatly from logging and fires. Almost without changing its composition, forests rise along the mountain slopes up to a height of 2000 m. Under these forests forest burozems develop. To the south, as the climate gets cold, the vines, tree ferns and bamboo disappear. Conifers (Podocarpus andinus, Austrocedrus chilensis) prevail, but evergreen beeches and magnolias remain. Podzolic soils are formed under these depleted sub-Antarctic forests.

Land cover of North America

Land cover of North America

Analemma Solar

Analemma Solar

Analemma is the curve that the Sun describes in the sky during the year, if you fix its position daily at the same time of day. Her images are often found on ancient globes of the starry sky or sundial.

Analemma is similar to the wrong number eight, and in the northern hemisphere of the Earth, the upper part of this figure eight is smaller than the lower one. In the southern hemisphere, it naturally turned upside down. Its existence is due to the fact that the axis of rotation of the Earth is inclined to the plane of its orbit around the Sun by 23 °, 45, and that this orbit is elliptical, which means that the Earth does not evenly move along it.

If these two circumstances did not exist, then the whole year the Sun would be at the chosen time of day at the same point in the sky.

Is it possible to build an analemma on my own? Yes, you can do it by simply fixing the position of the Sun in the sky at the same time every day. During this procedure, it is important not to forget about the transitions to winter time and back (if you live where this archaic practice is still observed). And this project is best to start in winter, on the day of the December solstice, since it is on this day that the noonday Sun passes at the lowest point above the horizon.

Alphabets of Europe Map

Alphabets of Europe MapWhy almost all European languages ​​use the Latin alphabet? Because the whole of European civilization, one way or another, was formed around the Roman Empire. And then, the center of culture and literacy was for some time the Christian church. The language of the western church was Latin. In addition, the Latin alphabet, unlike the Greek, is much simpler and more convenient.

The Germanic peoples were so-called. runes. Considering that most likely they and the Latin alphabet have a common origin (from North Etruscan), and a number of letters have a similar outline, the northern peoples did not have a particular problem to go over it.

Where the Catholic Church was strengthened, Western culture began to dominate. So, for peoples without writing (West Slavic, for example), national alphabets were created on the basis of the most common and widely used. This, among other things, facilitates communication between different nations and the learning of other languages.

If the alphabet is invented “from scratch”, then after a while it is usually no longer used, and transferred to one of the most common. For example, the verb in Slavic countries eventually lost to Latin and Cyrillic.

Why do Eastern and some southern Slavs have Cyrillic? Because this writing was created on the basis of the Greek, the countries were not in the orbit of influence of the Catholic Church, but of Orthodoxy and Byzantium.

Pluto and Australia

Pluto and Australia

Pluto is a planet named after a mythological deity. For a long time it was the last, the ninth planet of the Solar system. Pluto was considered not only the smallest, but also the coldest and little studied. But in 2006 with the purpose of its more detailed research the device which in 2015 reached Pluto was started. His mission will be completed in 2026. The size of Pluto is so small that since 2006 it has ceased to be considered a planet! However, many call this decision far-fetched and unreasonable. Perhaps soon Pluto will again take its former place among the cosmic bodies of our Solar system.

Back in the 19th century, scientists were convinced that behind Uranium is another planet. The power of the telescopes of that time did not allow them to detect it. Why is Neptune so eagerly searching for? The fact is that the distortions of the orbit of Uranus and Neptune could be explained only by the presence of another planet behind it, which has an impact on it. As if “pulling” on themselves. And in 1930, Neptune was finally discovered. However, it turned out to be quite small in order to cause such disturbances of Uranus and Neptune. In addition, its axis is as inclined as the axes of Uranus and Neptune. That is, the influence of an unknown celestial body affects it.

Scientists are still looking for a mysterious planet Nibiru, wandering through our Solar system. Some believe that it can soon become the cause of the ice age on Earth. However, its existence is still not confirmed. Although its description, suggest researchers, there is in ancient Sumerian texts. But even if the killer planet does exist, we don’t have to worry about the end of the world. The fact is that the approach of the celestial body we will see 100 years before its alleged collision with the Earth.

And we will return to Pluto, opened in 1930 in Arizona by Clyde tombo. The search for the so-called planet-X was conducted since 1905, but only a team of American scientists managed to make this discovery. The question arose, what name to give the discovered planet. And to call her Pluto suggested eleven-year-old schoolgirl Venice Bernie. Her grandfather learned about the difficulties in finding a name and asked what would be the name of the planet gave granddaughter. And Venice very quickly gave a reasonable answer. The girl was interested in astronomy and mythology. Pluto – Roman version of the name of the God of the underworld Hades. Venice explained its logic very simply – this name is the best in harmony with the silent and cold cosmic body.

And it was the discovery of its largest satellite that helped to establish the mass of Pluto. Called him Charon, in honor of otherworldly beings, carrying the souls of the dead to the underworld. The mass of Charon was even then known fairly accurately – 0,0021 the mass of the Earth. This made it possible to know the approximate mass and diameter of Plato, using Kepler’s formulation. In the presence of two objects of different masses, it allows us to conclude about their size. But these are only approximate figures. The exact size of Pluto became known only in 2015. Thus, its diameter is 2370 km (or 1500 miles). And the mass of the planet Pluto is 1.3 × 1022 kg, and the volume is 6.39·109 km3. Length – 2370. For comparison, the diameter of Eris, the largest dwarf planet in our Solar system, is 1600 miles. Therefore, it is not surprising that Pluto in 2006 decided to assign the status of a dwarf planet. That is, it is the tenth heaviest object in the Solar system and the second – among the dwarf planets.

Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. He is the complete opposite of the ice baby. When comparing the size of mercury and Pluto, the latter loses. Because the diameter closest to the Sun planet is 4879 km and a difference in density of the two “kids”. The composition of mercury is mainly represented by stone and metal. Its density is 5.427 g/cm3. A Pluto at a density of 2 g/cm3 contains mainly ice and stone. It is inferior to mercury in gravity. If you could visit a dwarf planet, you would break away from its surface at every step. When in 2006 Pluto ceased to be ranked as a full-fledged planet, the title of space baby again went to mercury. And the title of the coldest got the Neptune. The dwarf planet is also smaller than the two largest satellites of our Solar system – Ganymede and Titan.

These celestial bodies also vary in size. Our Moon is not the largest satellite in the Solar system. In fact, experts have not yet decided on the interpretation of the term “satellite”, perhaps once it will be called a planet. However, the size of Pluto, in comparison with the Moon, clearly lose – it is 6 times smaller than the earth’s satellite. Its size in kilometers – 3474. And the density is 60% of the earth and is second only to the satellite of Saturn IO among the celestial bodies of our Solar system. How much smaller is Pluto than Earth? A comparison of the size of Pluto and the Earth clearly shows how small it is. It turns out that inside our planet would fit 170 plutons. NASA even presented a graphic image where Neptune is located on the background of the Earth. It is impossible to explain better how different their masses are.

Russia is the largest country on our planet. The surface area of 17 098 242 km2. And the surface area of Pluto is 16 650 000 km2. Comparison of the size of Pluto and Russia in the human understanding make the planet quite insignificant. Is Pluto a planet at all? Scientists believe that the planet can be considered a celestial body that has clean space. That is, the gravitational field of the planet must either absorb the nearest space objects or throw them out of the system. But the mass of Pluto is only 0.07 of the total mass of nearby objects. For comparison, the mass of our Earth is 1.7 million times greater than the mass of objects in its orbit. The reason to classify Pluto to the list of dwarf planets was another fact – in the Kuiper belt, where the space baby is localized, larger space objects were found. The final touch was the discovery of the dwarf planet Eris. Michael brown, who opened it, even wrote a book called “How I killed Pluto.” In fact, scientists, including Pluto to the nine planets of the Solar system, understood – it’s a matter of time. Once space goes explored further than Pluto – and there are bound to be larger cosmic bodies. And to call Pluto a planet would be incorrect. Formally, Pluto is called a dwarf planet. But in fact, full-fledged planets do not fall under this classification. This term was introduced in the same year 2006. The dwarf list includes Ceres (the largest asteroid in our Solar system), Eris, Haumea, Makemake and Pluto. In General, while the term dwarf planets is not clear all, as the exact definition of it has not yet come up.

Eat healthy

eat healthy

If you follow the basic rules of a healthy diet, not occasionally, but constantly, making them the basis of your daily diet, it will maintain its optimal weight for a long time and without rigid diets, release the energy of the body to restore immunity and accelerate the regeneration of body cells, normalize the functions of the digestive and excretory systems. As well as to return or maintain the youth of the skin and body, hair density and Shine, the health of the body as a whole.

Rule 1.

Exclude from your diet fried, spicy and salty food, as well as fat. But it is impossible to completely abandon fats, fats are the building material for cells and tissues of the body. You just need to take into account that fats are different: both harmful and useful. Completely exclude sweet carbonated drinks and all fast food products: ice cream, chips, burgers, etc.

Rule 2.

Make your weekly menu only from healthy foods that will provide the body with all the necessary fats, proteins and carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. In products of plant and animal origin, these nutrients are in easily digestible form, in the necessary and balanced combinations.

Rule 3.

Regular and fractional meals during the day – the best is 4-5 meals a day: traditional Breakfast, lunch and dinner, and between them – a second Breakfast and afternoon tea. This will reduce the load on the digestive system, evenly distribute the caloric content of dishes, avoid snacks, which are one of the main reasons for weight gain. When the food intake regime is observed, conditioned reflexes are produced that trigger the mechanism of digestion of food: salivation, secretion of gastric juice, bile, enzymes.

Rule 4.

Make a daily menu so that the total caloric content of dishes does not exceed the recommended nutritionists 2000-2200 kcal. Unless, of course, there is no need to stick to a diet for weight loss. This daily caloric intake is recommended to ensure that the body receives enough energy for life. But these figures are conditional: can not the same energy consumption in men and women, people of mental and physical labor. The caloric content of the daily diet depends on the age, the General condition of the body, on what you are doing now: working, resting, intensively doing sports or forgot where the shoes are.

Rule 5.

It is a consequence of the previous one: it is necessary to make your menu in such a way that the energy consumption in the form of calories and its amount entering the body with food are balanced and balanced. If the energy is not enough, the body weakens, if the number of calories exceeds the norm, the excess calories, or rather, substances and chemical compounds in which they are contained, are deposited in the form of fat and cholesterol.

Rule 6.

Carefully chew the food, take your time while eating – the process of digestion begins in the oral cavity. Enzymes produced by the salivary glands, contribute to the splitting and initial disinfection of food. The more thoroughly the food is crushed, the more it is prepared for further digestion and assimilation. Try to eat less in a hurry, on the go or when you are worried or irritated – additional stress leads to muscle tension and prevents the release of gastric juice, makes it difficult to normal absorption of food.

Rule 7.

Carefully monitor the condition of the teeth, gums and oral cavity. Sick gums or carious teeth are an additional source of infection, which creates an additional burden not only on the immune system, but also on the gastrointestinal tract as a whole. Even healthy teeth are recommended to be cleaned after each meal to avoid plaque on the teeth and completely eliminate food residues. If this is not possible during the day, then eat half an Apple or orange, or just rinse your mouth thoroughly with water. In such cases, it is convenient to use the thread to clean the interdental space

Rule 8.

It is not recommended to read or watch TV: when the attention is focused on something else, and not on the process of eating, its number increases. After all, the feeling of saturation appears only after 20-30 minutes after eating. Therefore, it is recommended that such a volume of food to experience a slight feeling of unsaturation, getting up from the table. And while reading, if the material is interesting, the amount that you eat, not noticing, may exceed half the daily calorie intake.

Rule 9.

It is recommended not to drink during meals and immediately after meals: the necessary interval – half an hour. This recommendation is based on the fact that any liquid coming with food, changes the concentration of gastric juice, which leads to a violation of the digestion process: it takes longer than expected, violated the splitting of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, violated the process of assimilation of nutrients. In practice, this advice is very difficult to perform – the habit of drinking tea, compote or juice after eating has long been rooted and firmly. I, for example, the habit of finishing Breakfast, lunch or dinner with a drink, does not interfere with any digestion or assimilation, or health or well-being. Of course, everyone decides this issue individually. In the presence of diseases of the stomach, liver, intestines, kidneys, it is necessary to strictly observe the therapeutic diet and doctor’s recommendations. In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is of great importance when and how to take drugs and herbal infusions and what to drink them. Therefore, the basic rules of healthy eating have to comply.

Rule 10.

The most controversial and complex, in my opinion, the rule of healthy eating – the principle of separate food and food compatibility. The fact that the digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates requires gastric juice of different composition is a proven and indisputable fact. But our ancestors lived, knowing nothing about it, and lived to a ripe old age. Instead, they observe fasts and a forced mono-diet: if a slaughtered calf, the month, the whole family ate beef, if chicken, then broth and soups. In addition, food was seasonal and low-calorie, and physical labor – the main condition for survival. In my opinion, it is enough not to mix a large number of products in the lunch or dinner menu, to exclude desserts (but still sometimes you can afford them), fried dishes and products containing a large number of preservatives, dyes and other harmful chemical compounds: sausages, fatty canned fish, fatty meat and fat in uncontrolled amounts.

But to deny the benefits of separate nutrition during illness or during the recovery of the body, to regulate the process of natural cleansing of the gastrointestinal tract, it is impossible – with a weakened body, all energy should be directed to the processes of restoration of the immune system and the body as a whole. But the most basic rule of a healthy and healthy diet, in my opinion, is to allow yourself everything you want, but little by little. Then even harmful and high-calorie foods and dishes will not harm health and will keep a slim figure.

It is better to allow yourself to eat a small piece of cake or a couple of marshmallows than to dream about it 5-7 days, adhering to a strict diet, and then eat half a box of sweets or a large cake. The most important thing is not only to switch to a proper and balanced diet, but also to make it the norm, not a short-term phenomenon. And if you value your own health, it is quite possible.

Gender work

gender equality work

In the anthropological literature of the mid-20th century, the theory of “natural complementarity of the sexes” put forward by American sociologists T. Parsons and R. bales Became widely known. Within the framework of this theory, the differentiation of male and female roles in the family and the public sphere is basic and irremovable in any transformation of society. The reason for gender differentiation is rooted in the “instrumentality” of male behavior and the “expressiveness” of female behavior. No matter how actively a modern woman is involved in social and labor life, her main role is connected with the Affairs within the family (a woman, first of all, a wife, mother and mistress), while a man is always played and continues to play a major role in Affairs outside the home.

This theory is actively challenged by many modern anthropologists. Although many arguments in favor of its justice may seem obvious, let’s try to understand the essence of the case.

There is no doubt that in all societies of hunter–gatherers, early farmers and pastoralists, the male is the primary hunter of large animals, the shepherd (when it comes to cattle), the fisherman and the honey-gatherer. The man also performs the main work of clearing the land for crops. The woman is assigned the role of a collector of plant food, as well as small invertebrates. In the field of crafts for men almost monopolistically secured any work with metals, wood, stone, bone and horn. Men are most often engaged in the manufacture of nets and ropes, as well as the construction of houses. While women are more often than men engaged in spinning, weaving, weaving baskets, sewing clothes. In most societies, women are involved in the preparation of food, water and fuel. In almost all societies, the primary care of children falls entirely on the shoulders of women.

The essence of the problem is not that the man often hunts, and the woman — caring for children, and in giving these activities of different social prestige.

The gender division of labour does not simply mean the division of labour between men and women, it entails a certain stratification of different activities and generates hierarchical differences between the sexes. The essence of the problem is not that the man is more likely to hunt, and the woman — caring for children, and in giving these activities a certain measure of social prestige. In most societies, the relationship between the sexes favours recognition of the greater importance of men and men’s occupations. According to the remark of M. MFA “men can cook, weave, dress dolls or hunt hummingbirds, but if these activities are considered male, then the whole society, both men and women, recognize them as important. If women do the same, such activities are declared less important.”

Gender stratification is manifested to varying degrees in hunter-gatherer societies and in farmers. The differentiation of male and female occupations and the hierarchy of relationships between the sexes depend on the economic activity of society. In hunter–gatherer societies, the power of men over women is attributed to the leading role of men in hunting, and in farmers to the leading role of men in clearing and distributing land. Men’s monopoly on the big hunt involves not only and not so much the greater physical strength of men, but the need to go long distances from home. For women, such movements are hampered by the presence of children.

Where hunting is feasible close to home (AGTA Philippines), women participate on an equal basis with men. Men can cook, weave, dress dolls or hunt hummingbirds, but if these activities are considered male, then the whole society, both men and women, recognize them as important. It is possible that the male monopoly on the clearing of land for crops also is not determined by the necessity of using physical force, and due to the factor of increased risk: new lands often lie on the border of the tribal territory, and there are likely to be exposed to the attacks of enemies increases dramatically. And war in the vast majority of cultures is a purely male occupation.

The gender hierarchy in society depends to a large extent on environmental conditions and the attitudes of men and women to the control of resources and social goods. In societies where women are completely excluded from control, their social status is significantly reduced, and where men and women equally control the distribution of wealth, the status of women is close to that of men. In the book “Child and society” I. S. Kohn gives the following detailed explanation why the gender division of labor is not derived from the biological functions of men and women: the biological functions of women are associated with the conception, birth and feeding of children, and the woman has the main responsibility for their cultivation. However, only society regulates how many children a woman can have, who owns these children, where (in whose house) they will grow up and how long they should be taken care of. It seems to us, however, that it would be fairer to say that the gender distribution of work is not a direct or direct derivative of biological functions, because men cannot replace women in bearing and feeding children. Society does regulate a number of aspects related to childbirth, but, no matter how hard it tries, it has never been able to exercise full control over reproduction in human history.

The society regulates a number of aspects related to childbirth, but it has never been able to exercise full control over reproduction in human history. In many traditional cultures men are given the dominant role, and women look at the background of the downtrodden and disenfranchised. However, this marked inequality often conceals the gender differentiation of the public and domestic spheres of life. In Patriarchal societies, the dominance of men in the public sphere is particularly noticeable, but often in the same societies it is possible to observe an almost complete monopoly of women in decision-making concerning the domestic sphere. The Arab peoples, known for their pronounced male dominance in public life, have a widespread saying: “If the father is the head, the mother is the neck. Neck and shakes the head as you want.”

Healthy eyes

healthy eyes

Most of the information from the outside world we get through the organs of vision. If not take care of them and ignore the fatigue, in a short time they lose the ability to see clearly. The most dangerous enemies of our eyes are unhealthy lifestyles, poor nutrition and long stays in front of the computer. How to keep your eyesight up to old age, given such living conditions?

General recommendation Consider the simple rules of preservation of vision, which must be followed every day: full sleep. Lack of sleep can cause disorders of the optic nerve; don’t watch TV in the dark; do not forget to take breaks while working at the computer; do not read books on the bus and train. Also not worth reading in the lying position; get rid of the habit of squinting, because of this highly tense oculomotor muscles; more walk in the fresh air; do gymnastics for the eyes; reduce the amount of alcohol to a minimum; give up Smoking, including passive; the diet should consist of foods rich in vitamins and minerals; check with your ophthalmologist regularly. Among the experts there is such a thing as light starvation. This happens in people who rarely go out. But sunlight has a beneficial effect on the visual apparatus and improves the quality of vision. But at the same time, the eyes need to be protected from ultraviolet radiation. Don’t forget to wear sunglasses with sun filter.

While reading the book should be at a distance of 30-40 cm Light should be top and to Shine on the left side. E-books are not worth reading, despite the backlight. During a long reading, periodically pause, look away and do eye exercises.

Do not forget about proper nutrition. We are what we eat. Great benefit for the visual apparatus has blueberries. It promotes the regeneration of retinal cells, reduces fatigue and normalizes visual acuity. For the body is extremely necessary potassium, which affects the condition of blood vessels. This substance is contained in dried fruits, bananas, oranges.

Lutein is necessary for the normal functioning of the retina. It is found in corn, carrots, persimmon, spinach, avocado, orange pepper. Do not forget about seafood, vegetable oil, nuts, fish.

ATTENTION! It is proved that the organs of vision rest and relax during contrast procedures. Wash alternately with cold and warm water. Watching TV is associated with rest, but the eyes at this moment do not even think to rest. You minimize the damage if you turn on a bright light. The TV screen should be at a distance of at least two to three meters.

The right way of life will keep excellent vision for many years. Give up bad habits. Tobacco smoke irritates the mucous membrane of the eye and causes inflammation. Released toxic substances can even cause clouding of the lens – cataract. Caustic substances can cause blockage of blood vessels and worsen visual function. Addiction to alcoholic beverages can eventually cause atrophic changes in the nerve cells of the eye.

Memo for parents One of the common problems of school-age children is the deterioration of visual acuity. This is due to excessive visual stress, irregular use of computer and TV, as well as low physical activity. Prevention of visual system disorders depends largely on parents and teachers, whose task is to ensure the correct mode of the day and rest of the student.

In order to improve the vision of the student, first of all it is necessary to observe the hygiene of vision. This includes good lighting. Visual work should be carried out with the use of high light and a powerful table lamp. Remember that the light should fall from above and from the left side!

The child should learn to hold a book and a notebook at a distance of about forty centimeters. Do not allow your child to read lying down, as well as in transport. Vibration and lack of light will greatly tire the eye muscles. Parents should take care of strengthening the child’s body. It is important to ensure motor activity and nutrition. If you want your child to be less sick, temper it. An important role is played by staying in the fresh air. It’s no secret that a strong and hardy body is less prone to diseases, including ophthalmology. Enriched with vitamins and minerals diet will create the necessary conditions for the full operation of the retina. The most useful for the organs of vision are considered to be such products:

curd, kefir, beef, green, carrot, boiled fish, berries.

How to use breaks

how-to-use-breaks-to-be-more-productive

Breaks in work need to do necessarily. How often to take breaks and why they are so important I will tell in this article. Some people are so addicted to work that they do not consider it necessary to take breaks for rest. This habit only work and never rest – bad, and it can lead to deterioration of your health. Many employers encourage their employees to work without interruption, as they fear that productivity will fall. However, they forget that if a person does not rest, he gets tired, and labor productivity is also reduced. The thoughts of a tired person dissipate, and he can not concentrate on anything. That is why people who are forced to work for a long time without rest, in fact, are not engaged in work, but sit on the Internet in social networks or do things that have nothing to do with work. In the work necessary to do breaks. Here’s why! Breaks in work – health benefits Frequent and short breaks help to avoid many common diseases in people leading a sedentary lifestyle.

Circulation

When you stay for a long time in the same position, the blood circulation in the body is disturbed. It is because of this, then there are pain in the joints and muscles, cramps, hair begin to fall out, reduced metabolic rate and concentration, pimples appear. If you take only 5-minute breaks every hour, it will prevent circulatory disorders and help to avoid the above mentioned problems. Focusing on any work task for a long time negatively affects the body: blood pressure increases, the body’s ability to resist viral and bacterial infections decreases, diabetes develops. In addition, not all chairs are designed so that the person sitting on them had a straight posture. With prolonged sitting back often gets tired, numb muscles. All this is a great stress for the whole body. It is necessary to get up from time to time to walk, relax your muscles and calm down.

Health risk

Imagine: you are sitting for several hours at work, want to eat, drink or sleep. You want to drink a Cup of coffee or eat something substantial. But it is impossible – it is necessary to solve a working problem further. This approach leads to the fact that many begin to eat right at the Desk. Lack of movement and eating sooner or later will lead to increased cholesterol, heartburn and many other health problems. If you get up for a few minutes, stretch, rest and eat, it will not hurt the work.

View

Inability to focus, watery eyes and headaches are a sure sign that you are working too hard. All day looking at a computer monitor or laptop is very harmful to the eyes. To eyes function correctly, you need to blink, but when you still look in the computer, the eyes blink less often. When working on a computer, it is recommended to take your eyes off the screen every 5-10 minutes and let them relax. This is especially important if you feel dry and irritated eyes.

Posture

Your office chair is not the most comfortable place, and you have to sit on it all day. If possible, choose a chair that would keep your back upright, and to sit at the same time it was convenient. However, the topic of chairs is controversial. Even if they are comfortable, many sit on them incorrectly: they slouch, lift their shoulders, strain the muscles of the neck, shoulders or legs, which causes pain in these parts of the body later. To avoid this, it is necessary from time to time to perform at least simple office exercises, even sitting at the table, stretching the ligaments and muscles. Even better, if you get 5 minutes to walk down the hall and stretch your legs.

Mental health Sitting for a long time in the same place leads to fatigue, confusion and boredom. To avoid this and other problems of the psychological plan, you should from time to time to relax.

Stress and fatigue

Inability to rest leads to memory impairment, mental attacks and nervous breakdowns, chronic stress and fatigue. Breaks in work help to manage time If you think that it is necessary to work without interruption because to make everything quicker and to be in time more, you are mistaken. If you are tired, you are no longer working, but simply wasting time. Your subordinates do the same. People who have the opportunity to relax in the process of work, better understand the importance of time, better manage it and have more time. Breaks in work help to be creative Sometimes to solve any work problems should be creative. But about any creativity it can’t be a question if you long time without interruption think of the same problem. If you had even a little rest, you would have fresh thoughts in your head. What can you do during your break? Rest breaks should be short. To slightly move and distract, you will be enough 5 minutes every hour. During the break, you can do the following things: – listen to music; – do a few simple exercises to stretch the muscles and joints; – do breathing exercises and eye exercises; – drink coffee, tea or a snack of fruit; – go outside and get some fresh air. Now you probably understand how important it is to take breaks to rest during the working day. Just 5 minutes every hour will protect you from many health problems. You will not get too tired at work, get irritated and experience unnecessary stress.

Whole grains infographic

whole-grains-infographic

They say, “You are what you eat.” Hence the simple conclusion – your health and your illness derived from what you eat. In the fight against cancer, in addition to complex pharmacology, help conventional foods, which – the essence of human life. The world health organization (who) has published a list of products that contribute to the overall strengthening of the immune system, have an antidepressant effect on the psyche, increase the overall tone of the body. But the most remarkable feature of these useful products is that they are able to stop the growth of cancer cells. Specialists recommend to adhere to the next rules: on plate always should be 2 / 3 plant products and not more 1 / 3 protein.

Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, Bok Choi, cress and other vegetables that have already earned a reputation as cancer fighters. These vegetables contain indoles that stimulate the formation of a powerful antioxidant — the enzyme glutathione peroxidase. Scientists believe that indoles inactivate excess estrogens that can cause cancer, especially breast tumors. These vegetables also contain a lot of vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant. For maximum safety of indoles, these vegetables should be eaten raw, or after a short steam treatment.

Soy and soy products Soybeans and any products made from soy (tofu, tempeh, miso and soy sauce) prevent the proliferation of malignant cells. In addition, they contain isoflavones and phytoestrogens with antitumor activity. In addition, soy products reduce the toxic effects of radiation and chemotherapy.

Onions of different varieties and garlic Garlic has chelating properties, that is, the ability to bind toxins, including, for example, potentially carcinogenic cadmium from cigarette smoke, and remove them from the body. It also activates white blood cells that absorb and destroy cancer cells. One of the most common types of cancer is stomach cancer, but regular intake of garlic and onion reduces the likelihood of this disease. Garlic in addition serves as a source of sulfur necessary for the liver to perform a detoxifying function.

Bow acts similarly, although to a lesser degree. Both garlic and onion contain allicin, a sulfur-containing substance with a powerful detoxifying effect. Given that the liver is a universal organ that cleanses our body from any carcinogens and pathogenic microbes, the importance of onions and garlic can not be overestimated. Brown algae In brown algae contains a lot of iodine, which is necessary for the thyroid gland, regulating the metabolism of sugar (energy) in the blood. It is known that, starting from about 25 years, the thyroid gland gradually decreases in size, and many people with age find a lack of its function (a decrease in hormone production). If energy production is reduced, the metabolism of sugar in the blood changes accordingly, which creates favorable conditions for cancer. Brown algae contain a lot of selenium, which is a powerful antioxidant. Nuts and fruit seeds In almond nuts have leacril natural substance includes cyanidation substance lethal to cancer cells. The ancient Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and Chinese ate the seeds and bones of fruits such as apricots, believing that they inhibit the development of cancer.

Flax and sesame seeds, pumpkin and sunflower seeds contain lignans in their hard outer shell. These are the so-called phytoestrogens (substances that mimic the action of the hormone estrogen), which contribute to the removal of excess estrogen from the body. Excess estrogen is known to stimulate the emergence of hormone-dependent cancers, in particular breast, ovarian and uterine cancers. Many lignans are also found in soybeans, tofu, miso and tempeh-perhaps this is one reason why hormone-dependent cancers are less common in Asian countries.

Japanese and Chinese mushrooms Fungi Maitake, shiitake and Rei-si contain powerful Immunostimulants — polysaccharides called beta-glucans. In ordinary mushrooms they are not, so it makes sense to look for these natural Oriental drugs, even in dried form, in supermarkets and shops selling Chinese food. Use them in any dishes where mushrooms are added.

Tomatoes In recent years, tomatoes have received special attention in connection with the detection of their antitumor properties. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful antioxidant

Fish and eggs They are a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids that inhibit the formation of cancer cells. At the moment, the preference of fish species is given to flounder.

Citrus and berries Citrus fruits and cranberries contain bioflavonoids that support and enhance the antioxidant activity of vitamin C, which these fruits and berries are particularly rich. Strawberries, raspberries and pomegranate contain ellagic acid, a powerful antioxidant that prevents gene damage and slows down the growth of cancer cells. With blueberries, we also get substances that prevent oxidative processes and slow down the aging process.

Useful seasonings Turmeric (turmeric), – powder of bright yellow color from tubers of a plant from ginger family, widely used as a seasoning. Turmeric has good anti-cancer properties, especially in the treatment of bowel and bladder cancer. It can reduce the body’s production of specific enzymes associated with inflammatory processes, the number of which is abnormally high in patients with certain types of inflammatory diseases and cancer.

Tea Both green and black contain some antioxidants known as polyphenols (catechins), which have the ability to inhibit the division of cancer cells. The most effective in this respect green tea, a little less – black, and herbal teas, unfortunately, did not show this ability. According to a report published in the Journal of Cellular Biochemistry (USA) in July 2001, these polyphenols, found in large quantities in green and black tea, red wine and olive oil, can protect against various types of cancer. Dry green tea leaves contain approximately 40% polyphenols by weight, so the consumption of green tea can significantly reduce the risk of cancer of the stomach, intestines, lungs, liver and pancreas. And are there products that, on the contrary, increase the risk of cancer or worsen the course of the disease? Such products exist, and it is first of all:

Alcohol It was found that alcohol abuse increases the risk of cancer of the oral cavity, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, liver and breast. Women at high risk for breast cancer should generally avoid drinking alcohol, as taking even a few servings of alcohol per week increases the likelihood of developing this disease.

Meat Consumption of meat with cancer or with an increased risk of its occurrence should be limited. According to several studies, a higher risk of colon and stomach cancer is found among individuals whose diet consists mainly of meat cooked in the culinary industry. Perhaps this is due to the addition of nitrites, widely used in cooking as food additives. In addition, meat contains cholesterol, and the consumption of fatty, high-calorie and cholesterol foods leads to the development of obesity, which is associated with a higher risk of cancer (breast cancer in postmenopausal women, endometrium, colon, gallbladder, esophagus, pancreas, kidneys).

Recently, the data of scientists from Stockholm have been published. Swedish doctors summarized the statistics of scientific research, which was attended by almost 5 thousand people. It was found that with an increase in the consumption of processed meat products for only every 30 grams per day, the risk of developing stomach cancer increases by 1538%. According to scientists, the increased risk of cancer may be associated with the addition of nitrates and preservatives to these products. In large quantities, these substances are carcinogens. The second important factor is the impact of toxic substances produced by Smoking meat.

Salt and sugar It was found that people who consume a large number of products prepared by salting are more susceptible to the development of cancer of the stomach, nasopharynx and larynx. There is no data on the harm of salt used as a seasoning, but moderation is also needed. Consuming large amounts of sugar is dangerous in terms of overweight, which, as already mentioned, increases the risk of cancer. Better replace it with honey.

Shifting to cycling

Shifting to cycling infographic

Bicycle as a vehicle is quite common in Europe, so you can often see a man on a bike, pedaling towards his office or supermarket. But it is worth thinking seriously about what advantages and disadvantages it has as a vehicle. You spend much more time in the fresh air, saturated with oxygen instead of suffocating in the stuffy cabin of public transport or your own car. In Sunny weather, you do not suffer from the heat and the feeling that you like someone is trying to cook in a large pot. Cycling is a great exercise that relieves you from extra pounds makes your body slim and fit, but also increases your stamina and keeps you in good shape. You will also soon forget about shortness of breath, because Cycling has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and helps in the treatment of vascular dystonia.

The bike will save you from having to stand for hours in traffic jams, because you can safely bypass the “stuck” flow, while the car and bus can not do it. And since traffic jams are inevitable in big cities, they make up a significant part of the time you spend on the road. Another plus of the bike as a vehicle, which simply can not be ignored – finding a Parking space for you is no longer a problem, because it is much easier to find a bike, given how much less space is required for this. This, incidentally, also saves you at least five to ten minutes a day. Trifle, but nice. However, along with so many advantages of the bike as a means of transportation in the city, there are disadvantages. Large cities are not equipped enough for cyclists to move freely and safely. And every exit to the roadway is a big risk, which the cyclist is forced to take. In addition, sitting on the bike for the first time, and even with the intention to ride it to the other end of the city, you will realize that you have never overestimated themselves and their capabilities. Because to control the bike you need to get used to physically, and people without any physical training is better to start with overcoming small distances.

In the end, the bike – it’s not the most successful and not the safest means of transportation on snowdrifts and ice, and to ride a bike in the fall in the mud and puddles, too little fun. Therefore, the best time to use a Bicycle as a vehicle is between may and September. And with the onset of cold weather still have to change to something more practical and protected – a car, for example.

Planets

education infographic

Mankind has always wanted to know about the outer space around us, to learn about the neighboring planets, to explore them, and perhaps to find on one of the planets intelligent life.To date, we have already studied our Solar system with the heavenly body – the Sun, as well as 8 planets, each in its orbit revolve around the Sun. But to know the size of the Solar system, to understand why the planets do not collide, you need to know the distance between the planets. As inhabitants of the earth, I think we are most interested in the distance of the planets from the Sun and the distance between the Earth and the rest of the planets of the Solar system.

So, let’s start, perhaps, with our beloved planet Earth, the only planet in the Solar system, where there is intelligent life. This is facilitated by the presence of an atmosphere consisting of oxygen, the presence of water, and a suitable temperature for life, which, incidentally, largely depends on the distance of the Earth from the Sun. The earth moves in the third orbit from the Sun at a distance of 149.6 million km from the celestial body. The closest planet to the Sun – mercury, differs from the rest of the highest recorded temperature on the surface. The sun-turned surface of mercury was heated to 465C. Basically, the planet has achieved such indicators due to the closest orbit to the Sun, because mercury is 57.9 million km from the Sun. To the Earth from mercury also, by space standards, very close – 91.6 million km.

Venus, or as it is often called “sister of the Earth”, moves in the second orbit from the Sun at a distance of 108.2 million km from the celestial body. The closest to the Earth, the “red planet” – Mars, moves in the fourth orbit just 78, 3 million km from the Earth. However, unlike Venus and mercury, Mars is located on the outside of the Earth, that is, its orbit is larger than the orbit of the Earth and is remote from the Sun by 227.9 million km. And this already suggests that Mars is a cold planet, because at such a distance the sun’s rays weakly warm the surface of Mars.

The next orbits from the Sun, after Mars, already occupy the planets of the Jupiter group, or, giant planets, which are many times greater in mass and volume of the planet of the earth group, but much farther away from the celestial body. The closest giant planet to the sun Is Jupiter, the largest planet in the Solar system. It is distant from the Sun at 778.6 million km From the Earth, Jupiter is 628.4 million km. Behind Jupiter is Saturn – the only planet surrounded by a beautiful disk. It is removed from the celestial body by 1443.7 million km. To the Earth from Saturn 1277.4 million km.

Moving in the seventh orbit of Uranus, is the coldest planet in the Solar system. It is also caused by the large distance from the Sun, on 2870,4 million km Distance between earth and Uranus is still 2721,4 million km.The most distant planet from the Sun today is Neptune. This distant planet moves in the eighth orbit in 4491,1 million km from the Sun. From the Earth, this distance is 4347.4 million km.It is worth saying that there is a certain regularity called to cosmology the Bode rule. According to this pattern, each subsequent of the planets of the Solar system is separated from the Sun by an average of 1.7 times. This ratio slightly violates only Jupiter, but otherwise it is understandable, given that all the planets formed around the Sun from a single gas-dust cloud.

Infographics

infographics

In 1911, the editor of the newspaper Time Arthur Brisbane was evaluated information value of pictures, remaking the famous saying “it is Better to see once than hear a hundred times” in a recommendation for colleagues: use a picture, it is worth a thousand words. This expression is perfect as a motto for such an actual direction in the modern communication system as infographics.

Infographics appeared in 1982 as a result of the evolution in the information sphere, constantly developed, became one of the most fashionable, relevant and influential types of visual communication and became widespread. Every year tens of millions of images are created, the information in which is presented in graphical form. According to scientists ‘ research, 90% of the information we remember is based on visual perception, so you can easily understand why such a simple and visual means of data visualization as infographics stands out among other means. The main goal of the infographic was to inform. And the design is just a way to bring it, and to make it so that it was clear to any person who saw it. You may like the way the infographic is designed — but it’s more fun to get really valuable information from it. The main purpose of infographics is to improve the process of perception of information, explanation of complex information in simple images, as well as the transfer of data in a compact and interesting message, which looks more interesting in comparison with printed text.

With the development of information technology, humanity is getting more and more opportunities to quickly and efficiently collect and submit information. Images make information more attractive and compelling. Therefore, one of the most popular forms of dissemination of ideas with the help of visual images is infographics.Infographics are constantly evolving and improving. A few years ago there was only printed infographics. The Internet has opened up new opportunities for the development of infographic impact technology — it becomes animated and interactive.

Animated infographics is a kind of technique for creating a high-quality story of your information. Animated graphics typically use a combination of illustration, data visualization, and dynamic text to convey specific information to the viewer. The ability to collect real-time data and dynamically display it on the Internet in order to attract diverse audiences spanning the world has led to the development of new interactive applications and created a new environment for information design. Therefore, now more and more developing interactive infographics. Interactive infographics are infographics that allow you to change the data displayed in graphical form online. The main advantage of infographics, in our opinion, is that the methods of data presentation by means of infographics fully correspond to the way a person perceives visual images.